Robustness Evaluation of Biometric Systems under Spoof Attacks

TitleRobustness Evaluation of Biometric Systems under Spoof Attacks
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsAkhtar, Z, Fumera, G, Marcialis, GL, Roli, F
Conference Name16th Int’l Conference on Image Analysis and Processing (ICIAP)
Date Published14/09/2011
Conference LocationRavenna, Italy
KeywordsAdversarial pattern recognition, Biometric systems, Performance evaluation, spoof attacks
In spite of many advantages, multi-modal biometric recognition systems are vulnerable to spoof attacks, which can decrease their level of security. Thus, it is fundamental to understand and analyse the effects of spoof attacks and propose new methods to design robust systems against them. To this aim, we are developing a method based on simulating the fake score distributions of individual matchers, to evaluate the relative robustness of different score fusion rules. We model the score distribution of fake traits by assuming it lies between the one of genuine and impostor scores, and parametrize it by a measure of the relative distance to the latter, named attack strength. Different values of the attack strength account for the many different factors which can affect the distribution of fake scores. In this paper we present preliminary results aimed at evaluating the capability of our model to approximate realistic fake score distributions. To this aim we use a data set made up of faces and fingerprints, including realistic spoof attacks traits.
Citation Key 1205
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